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Creating New Breeds


CREATING NEW BREEDS… THE RIGHT WAY:

Many breeders often like to create a new breed of dog, or even variations of an existing breed. The problem most people don’t consider is that when creating a variation of a breed without fully forming a new breed, all you have accomplished is creating a mix bred mutt.

None the less, sooner or later it is inevitable that there will come a time when we will be presented with a new breed of dog and the breeder will want to acquire registration certification for the new breed. All too often however, the breeder gets anxious and inpatient during the breed creation process. When this happens you generally end up with an enexperi3enced breeder having the foundations of a new breed that is sometimes only one to two pedigree generations deep.

This is so wrong on so any levels and for so many reason… it literally takes years and years to effectively and properly create a new breed of dog. This is a feat that is surely not for a new or inexperienced breeder by any measure. Even some well-seasoned breeders refuse to take on the task because of all of the intense work involved, the dedication needed to see it through and the knowledge and devotion to do it right.

What many inexperienced breeds don’t bother to consider during the breed creation process is what to do with the puppies being born that won’t be used for the next generation! Should you just sell off all of the puppies, even the ones you won’t be using? Should you sell any of them at all? Can you and should you register them during the process? Many breeders, sadly enough would indeed engage in all of these practices throughout the process while not even thinking about the moral aspect of the action.

Let’s get a few things clear about creating a new dog breed. You’re obviously only going to be using between 2-4 pups out of the litter for breeding and the rest will just be extra pups left in the litter. While you can’t sell them as purebreds for obvious reasons, you really shouldn’t consider letting anyone else breed them either! Unfortunately the ONLY way to be certain of that is to keep the entire litter yourself until they are all old enough to be spayed and neutered!

If you were to just sell the pups off, or even give them away, you stand a chance of the new owner at some time either intentionally breeding the pups to try and pas them off as purebreds, or even just to make a few quick dollars from the litter. Even if it’s a person you fully trust to not breed the puppy when its of age, you still run the risk of there being an accidental breeding with the pups once they get older. Therefore it quickly becomes obvious that the only responsible thing to do as a responsible breeder is to keep the ups until their old enough to be spayed and neutered. This will be the only way that you as a responsible breeder can be sure that you’re not contributing to thing such as impure dog lines, or even kill shelters full of your dogs later down the road.

We haven’t even gotten into the other, more important aspects of creating a new breed of dog and yet as you can see, it is going to be a very time consuming and costly venture in Vet expenses and that doesn’t even include feeding and housing expenses.




THINGS WE CONSIDER IN BREED ACCEPTANCE:

There are a number of factors the Ultimate Breeder Kennel Club / UBKC considers when it is requested of us to consider a new breed for registration. Most importantly, only Members of the Ultimate Breeder Kennel Club / UBKC recognized specifically as UBKC Approved Breeders or UBKC Licensed Kennels will be considered to be qualified enough to create a new breed for registration consideration. Other people not falling into these classification may either apply for such classification or they may work closely together with a person or group within these classifications.

To proceed with the new breed submission process, will need documented registration proof that all breed used in creating the new breed were Certified Purebred dogs registered with at least one of the registries recognized by the UBKC. Each dog used in the breed creation must additionally have some type of pre-existing DNA profiling and/or Genotype Mapping sequence so that we can have a foundation basis for establishing an acceptable DNA variation sample for the breed.

Additionally we will need documented proof including photographs, written statements of at least five witnesses for each breeding that the breed in question has been breeding consistent physical traits for a minimum of seven consecutive generations. We will also need a Veterinarian letter of verification of examination for the breed stating that the Veterinarian has inspected each litter of the breed or has seen the previous Vet records indicating such and can therefore compile the new Vet records with the previous to perform such an evaluation. The Veterinarian must be willing to indicate that He/She is familiar with the development of the new breed and feels that is shows signs of consistent physical characteristics.

The Breeder(s) designing the new breed shall have written compilation of breed standards set forth as the acceptable breed standards for the breed being created. The Breeder(s)

Furthermore, the Ultimate Breeder Kennel Club / UBKC will need detailed, written submission of documents proving proof that there is sufficient public interest in the newly proposed breed throughout the entire United States and that there is a national “club” in place that supports the newly proposed breed. Said membership can indeed be of a social media or other online membership basis. There shall be no less than 1,000 members showing support for the newly proposed breed. Said group must be official and open to public membership and be in place for no less than two full years prior to new breed application.

However many Members there are showing support for the newly proposed breed, there cannot be more than half of the numbers of membership in a group that objects to the certification of the newly proposed breed. For Instance; if the membership showing support is 1,000 strong, there cannot be an opposing group whose membership is more than 500 strong.

If a successful application for breed recognition is submitted, said club will serve as the founding club for the breed and will be officially recognized by the Ultimate Breeder Kennel Club / UBKC as such. Said club will be of leading authority in helping to assist in the setting of breed standards. Any breed standards submitted however, must be inspected by State Licensed veterinarian and be approved as not being a healthy or physical hindrance to the breed. Otherwise the specific standard in question will be rejected by the UBKC into the breed standard regulations by the UBKC. The Breeder or Kennel creating the new breed must submit in writing with their application what the intended Breed Standards will be. Changes or additions to the breed standards may be submitted for up to one year from the time of the original application submission.




MOVING FORWARD WITH BRED CREATION:

Decide The Reason You Want To Create Your New Breed.
Some people instantly think of money, but breeding dogs is not, and shouldn't be a road to riches. Here are some reasons you may consider:

  • Working Dogs:  If you work with dogs,( this includes hunting, cattle work, guard dogs, search dogs, or police dogs), you probably already understand the criteria for breed selection, and the qualities you expect in the breeding
  • Show Dogs: . This is a broad topic, but essentially, people raise and train dogs to obtain the very best qualities from a bloodline. This includes shape, coloring, temperament, obedience, and overall appearance.
  • Pets:  This is a market which unfortunately drives the many "puppy farms" found across the United States, and probably in other countries as well.
  • Physical Enhancement:  Maybe there’s a specific breed you really like, but there just seems to be something missing from its physical characteristics. Maybe the breed is a working dog and maybe you’re wanting to expand on the breed by adding a longer muzzle for better breathing and some stamina and drive for longevity. While you can’t just alter an existing breed and call it a pure bred, you can use an existing breed for the foundation of your new breed.



Choose Your Stud and Dam; Then Determine If They Possess The Qualities You Desire In The New Breed.

Here are the items you should check before breeding:

  • Genetic Background:   You will want to examine the bloodline of your dogs, to make sure they are genetically good quality. For pure breed dogs, you can obtain their bloodlines from the UBKC or other registering authority. For "mixed breed" dogs, the only background you may be able to obtain is the Stud and Dam who birthed them.
  • Genetic Background:   You will be trying to determine if the genetic history of your prospective mating partners will yield pups with the specific qualities you are looking for. You must also insure the pair are not directly related, to prevent genetic defects of "inbreeding".
  • Optimal Selection:   This is a perfect time to consider putting forth a little more money to have a DNA assessment performed on the dogs genetic health / chemical make-up. (this is a service we offer Click Here). Having this simple procedure performed can actually save you hundreds, possibly thousands of dollars in breeding expenses, unforeseen and unpredictable health and physical outcomes and certainly maybe even knock a couple of years’ time off of your goal finish line for your breed creation.
  • Physical Characteristics:   Look at your breeding pair closely to insure you have the physical attributes of the breed you desire, with no deformities or undesirable qualities. An example would be someone breeding Labrador Retrievers, looking for signs of "hip dysplasia", a common genetic problem with this breed which causes some degree of crippling and difficulty walking and running. This condition makes the Lab less desirable for hunting work, or retrieving.
  • Temperament:   This is a quality passed on from the Stud and Dam to pups which is of utmost importance in breeds which have aggressive tendencies, like Doberman Pinschers and Rottweilers, so you should investigate the Stud and Dam's temperaments before deciding to breed them.






Breeding For Physical traits & Consistency.

This is where the devotion to your mission will separate the men form the boys! Creating a new breed doesn’t happen overnight. Unlike most irresponsible breeders, you can’t just breed the first litter and think that you are magically at your finish line! This venture is going to require an investment of your time ranging from about 7 to 10 years to be done the right way.

Each breeding that takes place is going to be a learning lesson. You’re going to find that if you’re diligent and not willing to settle, that sometimes your desired results form a breeding may actually be the furthest thing from the actual results attained. This is part of the reason why it takes so long to successfully create a new breed of dog.

Your goal here in the beginning is to bring out the strong traits of the of your foundation breeds and to duplicate the process with two identical foundation breeds that are non-related. This is key because you are going to have to breed the new pups to each other, and inbreeding is NOT something you should base your foundation on!

It would even be a good idea to have three to four matched sets of identical breed – breeding pairs. This gives you a large gene pool to pull from and inner mix puppies for future breedings as you progress. (future breedings on your road to breed creation, not future attempts). Having at least three mating pairs allows you the ability to find puppies form the litters that may possess strong physical traits you hadn’t planned on, and gives you much better chances of having strong, healthy breeding stock. Although this can be done with two breeding pairs, the process is about thirty percent faster by using more than one foundation breeding pair.

So you’ve repeated this process a couple of times and you’re finally starting to get the desired traits you’re looking to develop in your new breed foundation. Now you can start to line breed your dogs back and forth to each other and even repeatedly breed the same breeding pair to each other. What you’re going to be looking for here is consistency in the production.

Consistency by the true meaning of the word (NOT today’s breeding standards) is to repeatedly be able to produce the same physical trait results in each descending breeding, breeding after breeding after breeding. Example, you have the new foundation block in your program, once those pups are mature and of proper breeding age you will want to breed those pups and be able to acquire the exact same desired physical traits in all of the puppies in the new litter. Then take several matched pairs form those litters and be able to reproduce the same desired physical traits again once those pups are mature enough for breeding.

REMEMEBR, Any of the puppies that you will NOT be using for breeding in your program should indeed be spayed or neutered so that they don’t reproduce with themselves, or any other breed of dog for that matter. You do NOT want a bunch of mix-bred mutts crowding up Animal Shelters because of the works of your hands! THIS IS YOUR RESPNSIBLILITY TO SEE TO IT THIS GETS DONE! It is NOT ok to sell off the dogs, or even give them away and take the new owner on their word that they will have the dog spayed or neutered, there is about a 90% chance they will NOT keep this promise! As a responsible breeder, this is YOUR obligation, responsibility and duty. You owe it to the breed!




Breed Establishment

You can see now why creating a new breed of dog the right way is going to be a long process and an expensive one if done right. Over the entire process you’re going to have owned, housed and fed well over a dozen dogs! To be done right, this process could easily take about 7 to 10 years. Once you’ve been able to breed the same consistency in your dogs for about 7 to 10 years and can provide documented proof of such then you have finally reached the doorsteps of creating your new dog breed.

Unfortunately, your journey doesn’t stop there…. Now you have the fight and battle of getting a registry to recognize your dogs and to assist you on the DNA Profiling and Genotype Mapping Sequence to establish the Breed’s Genetic requirements.

If done correctly and everything alone your journey is well documented, You have photo’s of each stage of puppies development form each litter, Veterinarian document of your road to success and can establish the required following, group foundation and Breed Standards that are not contrary to a healthy physic for your breed, then the Ultimate Breeder Kennel Club / UBKC would be honored to assist you in the additional steps needed and award you with the creation status and UBKC Certified Registration for having successfully create your new breed of dog!