Shorty Bull Breed Standards
The Shorty Bull is a direct descendant of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, (Staffy), French Bull Dog and English Bulldog. The Staffy was chosen over the American Pit Bull Terrier was chosen for its temperament, drive and durability. The motivation to create the breed was when the Founder (Jamie Sweet) was involved in weight pulling in dog shows. Jamie had seen the excellent weight bull traits in the smaller while they were more easily handled and she had decided she wanted more of those traits.
The Shorty Bull was created in the early 2000’s as an intentional development with great attention being given to the increase in temperament and durability of the breed with its high tolerance to physical ailments. While Shorty Bull has managed to maintain many of the strong traits and overall appearance of the English Bull Dog and temperament of the American Staffordshire Bull Terrier, the Shorty Bull was breed and designed in such a way that it could hone on those dominant traits and qualities and use them all as advantages.
The Shorty Bull breed was at first created for Jamie’s personally use without the intent of becoming the breed it is today. In the beginning, much like with any new breed, Jamie knew what she wanted in the production of the breed but there was in a sense, no precise direction Very early in the program, people become fond of the Shorty Bull and it began to gain a lot of popularity with many new and seasoned breeders. It wasn’t until shortly after 2010 that the Shorty Bull become more widespread because of its acceptance into registries.
While the Shorty Bull had established a firm foothold early on in the designing of the breeding because of its pure spunky and “Love Everyone” personality and just outright irresistible cute looks, it was the turn of the decade when the recognition by the registries had really set the fire under the popularity of this adorable new breed.
Live interview with Jamie Sweet, (Shorty Bull Founder).
The Shorty Bull should give the impression of abundant energy for their small size. The Shorty Bull is a compact and muscular bulldog of small stature. They are athletically inclined and incredibly agile. The Shorty Bull breed is recognizable by its characteristic small yet compact, thick-set structure. Their appearance reflects a possible mix of a cross between a Frenchie and pug to some people, but it should be noted that this vibrant little dog does not have any Pug heritage.
The compact and small size allow the Shorty Bull to have a docked tail without adversely affecting the balance, movement or agility of the breed. Head properties are in proportion to the body. The face is mushed in with a short muzzle while remaining free of over exaggeration so as to not compromise breathing and/or obstruct normal vision.
Shorty Bulls have a strong desire to please and are highly intelligent and good natured. “Shorties”, as they are often referred to, make well rounded dogs for the entire family. They have a zest for life and are little comics. They can easily adapt to different lifestyles from apartment living to life on the farm. Shorty Bulls should never be extremely shy or overly aggressive.
It is a smooth coated dog that may have a little loose skin without sagging. Although quite cuddly in appearance, it is an active and agile breed. Its presence is a picture of playfulness and curiosity.
The head of the Shorty Bull is rounded with typical bulldog features. Eyes set far apart and protruding. Jaw should be curved, not straight.
The Shorty Bull's head appears to have been almost molded from Bulldog puppy. It well rounded from all angles, but should not be disproportionate to the overall size of the body. The head size is measured in circumference around at the largest point just BEFORE the ears and typically measure between 10” to 12” in circumference.
The nose may be turned up slightly and may be black, liver, or any color that is in keeping of the coat color of the dog. Dudley noses are considered a cosmetic fault. All nose colors are accepted.
The length of muzzle should be shorter than the length of head, with a range of length from approximately 1-1/2” to 2-1/2” in total length. (measured from below the eyes to the tip of the nose). Lips are clean and and slightly loose like that of a Bulldog. The upper lips should never overhang to the point of giving a flappy skin look. Acceptable overhang is approximately 2” to 2-1/2”
The face of the Shorty Bull should always be well rounded and slightly wrinkled. There should never be excessive tightness of the skin under the eyes. Minimal face wrinkles / skin folds where the muzzle meets the face is considered normal.
Well-rounded and normal to slightly droopy in appearance with a very sad look is typical for this breed of dog. Some dogs may appear to have eyes that are one the verge of being oval shaped, this is due to their facial skin and is considered acceptable for te breed.
Nose should be turned up slightly and be black or liver colored. Spotted colored noses are considered acceptable for this breed.
The bite should be undershot slightly. An extreme under bite with exposed lower canines is a fault. The tongue should be capable of staying within the oral region and should not hang or protrude to a degree that it is a noticeable feature. Although undershot to reverse scissor bite is preferred, an even or correct bite should not be considered a true fault nor a disqualifying trait, as long as the presentation of this bite does not take away from the traits of the head described in this standard.
The ears of the Shorty Bull breed should be cropped. Some breeders may prefer to not conduct cropping on their dogs and this is fine. For Shorty Bulls with ears that are not cropped, the ears should drop neatly.
Surgical and or manual manipulation of the ear set is acceptable, but handlers should avoid showing the dog while healing from or being manipulated. Ears should be set wide to the sides of the head and should not be set high on top of head nor low and “houndy” off the sides of the crest of the skull.
The neck of the Shorty Bull breed should appear solid and thick, clean in outline and with a straight forward transition toward the shoulders. There is a slight upward curve at the crest just before the withers. The neck appears to be very thick and can-shaped where it joins the back of the skull. The head should appear to be a further extension of the neck as one single unit.
Forequarters: (front shoulder area
Shorty Bulls have strong and rounded shoulder blades that are rounded and protruding. The shoulders should never arch outward like an upside down letter “U” causing the legs to have an outwardly over-excessively bull-legged appearance. This is a serious disqualifying breeding defect. Instead, the shoulders should be closer to the body, but outset enough so as to appear that the dog is “Taking A Stand”..
The upper legs before the lower joint are the same approximate length as is the shoulder blade and joins the shoulder blade at nearly a straight down angle.
The forelegs are strong and muscular and should never be lanky, boney or tall and skinny. Viewed from the front, the front legs are set modestly apart giving the appearance of a super wide stance, without crossing the line of being overly bull-legged. The lower legs are relatively short in length, although still thick and strong. They should point straight forward towards the ground.
Hindquarters: (rear legs)
The hindquarters of the Shorty Bull are always strong, short and thick, sometimes resembling a stretched out chicken quarter. The appearance from behind should resemble that of a Bulldog. The rump is also thick from side to side (not outwardly from behind).
Viewed from the side the hock joints are well bent even when. When playful or active, the rear legs can either be straight down or slightly leaned back from the body.
The body should be short from the back of the neck to the tail. A compact look is desired. Slightly longer torsos, especially on females of breeding age, while not the most desired look, do remain an acceptable presentation, unless it causes the dog to appear “long”. They should be well balanced in width and body length.
They should have nice barrel of the torso and be well-sprung in the ribs. They should be surprisingly dense and heavy for the size of the dog. The impression should be of a solid dog with thick muscle and great strength for its size. A large dog in a small sack is the desired presentation. No matter the body type it should not affect the overall movement and flow of the dog in motion.
The chest of the Shorty Bull breed is wide, The chest should be broad for height and have depth reaching to the elbow. Additionally, the chest should graduate down into a smooth transition into the rib cage. The ribs should extend back about 1/2 of the torso length.
A sagging or “U” shaped rib cage is not a desirable quality of any Bully breed and is considered a point eliminating flaw by the UBKC breed standards.
The back of the Shorty Bull breed is strong, thick and very firm with loose skin and some folds acceptable around the neck area. The loin is short generally about 1/2 of the total length of the torso. A high rear end is not a desirable trait however acceptable.
The Shorty Bull tail should be docked per breed standards. However, it must be short; either natural bob, docked, or screwed are all acceptable in the breed. The tail should be no more than one sixth the distance to the hocks. With the shorter “bobbed” appearance being the most desirable. If surgical docking is conducted, the recommended length will be three (3) vertebrae.
Coat / Color:
The coat of the Shorty Bull should be shiny and short. The coat should be stiff yet soft to the touch and smooth, not rough. The coat should also resist water well. All coat colors are acceptable except merle or black and tan ( Tri-Color). There will be no preference in judging given to solid vs Pied or spotted coat coloration as all types are acceptable
Height & Weight:
The UBKC finds that the preferred weight for an adult male Shorty Bull of sound health should be between 20 to 45 lbs according to height/weight proportion.
The UBKC finds that the preferred weight for an adult female Shorty Bull of sound health should be between 15 to 40 lbs according to height/weight proportion.
The desirable height for a healthy mature male Shorty Bull 15 inches tall or less at the withers; for mature females the desired height is also no more than 15 inches tall at the withers.
Gait / Movement:
The Short Bull should strike out with good reaching extension of the front legs, and powering strongly with the rear. Full range of motion in movement is preferred. The dog should not lumber or roll but display a smooth even gait, free of hopping, dragging, or shuffling/crossing of legs and feet when in motion.
The dog should not appear to float as they are heavy of body and possess strength in motion, but the dog should not pound the ground when moving either. The correct movement should lift and glide with strength and flow. Any gait that is labored, out of sync, or uneven left to right, or front to back should be considered a fault. Obvious malfunction of joints such as poor movement of the hips, elbows, knees (i.e. luxation of the patella) is a strong fault and should be taken into great consideration when evaluating the dog.
POINT ELIMINATING FAULTS
Over or under-bit, flews or weak jaw line or level bite
Too short or too long of a muzzle
A neck that is too short or too long
A neck that is too thin and not proportionate to the body/Head mass
Overly large heads that do not match body mass proportion
Pigeon toed feet, known as Easty-Westy feet, splayed feet or feet abnormally bent over
Hindquarters too narrow or set too high, bow legged, cow hocks or sickle hocks
Drooped rib cage, or a “U” shaped rib cage hanging lower than proportionately correct
Over weight or underweight
Overly long of a tail
Curly, wavy or patchy coat
Legs not moving in sink while in gait, too short or too long of strides, legs crossing paths
Legs touching during gait, paddling, sidewinding; hackney action, or hard pounding.
High set ears on top of head or low and “houndy” off the sides
Bulging or displaced eyes, eyes with no outline pigmentation
Bowed legs, legs pointing outward, otherwise known as Bull-legged
Legs too long or too short
A coat that is too long or too short
A color pattern or genetic history merle color or Tri-Color
Overly massive dogs that are just “large” or “freaks” ( not the same as dogs that are just overweight0
Seriously tiny, miniature or “Tea Cup” sized dogs
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid ( missing or irregular testicles)
Viciousness towards dogs or people, timid personality or extreme shyness around strangers
Deafness in either or both ears at birth
Blindness at birth
Cherry eye, entropion, distinctly cloudy eyes or obvious presence of panes of the eyes
Eyes not matching in color